Cambodian Genetics

Sherolyn-Basement Bettas The best example of a cambodian is the traditional or red cambodian which has red colored fins and a flesh colored body (but there are also blue cambodians). The cambodian gene causes a fish to have colored fins and colorless or greatly reduced color on the body. The cambodian trait is a recessive …

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Sherolyn-Basement Bettas These days bettas come in a dizzy array of colors. Many of the Thai breeders are pushing the envelope and getting colors and combinations of colors not even dreamed about a few years ago. The IBC does have classes for patterned fish. The classes currently included in the standards are Butterfuly, Bicolor, Multi …

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Understanding Iridescent Structure

Sherolyn-Basement Bettas With this post I would like to explain the concept of the iridescent structural colors a bit more. The iridescent colors are produced by light-reflective cells called iridophores. They produce iridescent colors by diffusion/scattering of light on colorless crystalline structures which are present on the surface of the cell (structural color). Something like …

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The Iridescents

Sherolyn-Basement Bettas Turquoise, steel and royal blue are called the three iridescent colors.  Iridescent colors make up the top layer of the betta and are caused by cells called iridocytes. These cells form a dense color layer which can cover all other colors. Originally, on wild Betta splendens the normal iridescent color is turquoise/green. This …

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Black Genetics

Sherolyn-Basement Bettas Melano black bettas are the true black bettas. A mutated gene has caused the black pigment to be greatly increased coverage area (melanism).  Magnificent melano HM male GeneticsA melano black betta is represented by: mmA normal betta is represented by: MMA melano black-geno betta is represented by: Mm The mutated gene (m) is recessive to the …

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Structural color

Sherolyn-Basement Bettas Betta come in a dazzling array of colors. Pure red, yellow, blue, green, white, black and any number of subtle variations between them are evident. At the microscopic level cells called chromatophores are responsible for the colors we perceive. Betta chromatophores can be divided into two broad categories on the basis of the …

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Basics of Genetics

Sherolyn-Basement Bettas When breeding bettas, it can be very helpful to know some basics about genetics. One thing that is really important with genetics is to understand the terminology used. In this article, I will try to clarify and cover some of the basics, which are indispensable to understand betta genetics in a simplified manner. …

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More Betta

Mike McBrien Beyond keeping betta’s as pets, many people choose to breed these magnificent fish. The articles in this section are provided to help the basic hobbyist become the next top breeder.